How to Avoid Drunk Driving: Leave Your Car at Home

Driving under the influence of alcohol is against the law, and there is good reason for it. If you consume enough alcohol, you may experience the following effects to your body:

  • Body Coordination Problems – You may not be able to fully control your head, arms, hands, legs, and feet
  • Drowsiness – You may close your eyes or even fall asleep while driving
  • Eye Problems – Your eyes may function too slowly and fail to catch up to your driving speed, and you may also experience blurry vision
  • Low Mental Capacity – You may fail to comprehend traffic lights and signs and properly make judgments on the road
  • Slow Reaction Time – The limitations in your physical and mental faculties can slow down your reaction time

All the above put you at risk of car accidents. Worse, you may even victimize the motorists around you. There is a simple solution to avoid drunk driving – leaving your car at home.

Pass the Driving to Someone Else

If you are about to go out drinking, just leave your car at home. This way, you will not be forced to drive while you are under the influence of alcohol. Try getting a ride with your friends or explore other modes of transportation.

You can take the train or the bus, or if you want a more exclusive feel, you can use ridesharing services, such as Uber and Lyft. Many of these services are easily accessible through your mobile phone.
If you are already under the influence of alcohol, you may also be reckless, and that makes driving even more dangerous. You may do dangerous stunts, such as speeding, street racing, tailgating, weaving, and abrupt turning, just so you can feel the thrill and maximize your night out with friends. If you do not have your car with you, at least you will have limited opportunities to do these stunts.

Give Your Keys to Someone You Trust

If you already have your car with you, or if you are drinking in a place where your car is readily available, like your house, it is a good idea to give your keys to someone else. Make sure that this person is trust-worthy and strong, who will not give in to you no matter what you say.

If your vehicle is inaccessible to you, you are also reducing the risk of getting arrested because of driving under the influence. According to the website of these Irmo DUI attorneys, DUI charges can be defended. But at the end of the day, who wants to deal with courts and lawyers? Just avoid drunk driving, and some of the best ways to do it is by leaving your car at home or giving your keys to someone you trust.

Common Construction Accidents

Construction is one of the most dangerous jobs. Workers are surrounded by construction equipment, debris, tools, and other objects that can potentially injure or kill them. Since construction sites are hazardous environments, construction accidents are not that uncommon.

According to an informative article from the website of Todd J. Leonard Law Firm, there are legal reasons to put construction accidents to court, especially if the accidents involve violations and general negligence.

Construction accidents are preventable, and the first step you should take to prevent them is to know the most common construction accidents.


Construction sites have the tendency to have exposed wires, power lines, and electrical systems that are not yet fully constructed. For this reason alone, the workers are at risk of electrocution, something that can be fatal especially to those who do not have basic electrical safety knowledge.

Equipment Accident

Construction workers use a lot of machines and tools, and those things are not free from defects and malfunctions. From big machines like bulldozers and cranes to small tools like nail guns, all of these are a potential threat and should be adequately maintained and properly used.


Exposed wires, flammable chemicals, gas leaks, and pipe leaks are some of the most common causes of explosions in construction areas. Compared to other hazards in construction sites, this is not very common, but can be fatal ones it occurs, or at least cause injuries such as burns.

Falling Objects

This is a particular danger to construction projects that have more than one level. Debris, equipment, and tools can fall and hit construction workers below. At its worst, the falling object may be very big and heavy that the impact can be fatal, like in the case of cranes.

Slips, Trips, and Falls

Construction sites are very busy places, so it is likely that workers need to navigate through construction materials, debris, exposed wires, holes, and slippery substances like grease and oil. These objects can potentially make workers slip, trip, or fall, resulting into injury or even death, especially if the fall is high enough.

The key to a safe construction area is following safety procedures and regulations. It’s a two-way street. Both the construction company and the worker should make the effort, to prevent injuries, death, extra financial costs, and lawsuits that can arise from hazardous construction areas.

Sole Proprietorship Business Format

Putting up and starting your own business requires detailed planning. Besides being absolutely clear about the kind of business you want to do and how you want it to run, you will also need to have the knowledge and skills necessary either in accomplishing all the legal details, hiring the right people and managing them well, or in hiring the person/s who can do all of these for you. Before taking off towards this endeavor, though, there is one more basic need that you also have to decide on: the format your business will have.

There are four types of business formats that are most common in the U.S.: Sole Proprietorship, Partnership, Corporation and Limited Liability Company. Each type of format has its own advantages and disadvantages with regard to profit, management, legal matters and liabilities.

Sole proprietorship, particularly, is a type of business that is owned and run by just one person. About 73% of all firms in the nation are registered as sole proprietorship, making this the most widespread business format in the U.S.

Sole proprietorship has the following advantages and disadvantages:

  • Advantages
    • Despite being the smallest form of business entity, it can earn the highest profits and, since the business and you, its owner, are taken as just one entity, one tax payment satisfies the federal tax law required.
    • It is easy to start and much easier to manage as there will be no clashing of interests, which is often the case in business formats with multiple owners.
    • Decisions are made faster and there is also greater flexibility in making decisions.
    • If ever you want to end the business, all you have to do is end operations and settle whatever loans need to be paid.
  • Disadvantages
    • Your liability is unlimited, meaning, creditors can run after your personal assets in payment of debts
    • Since there is only you to start the business, the amount of capital will be higher. If your capital is limited, this will affect the stock inventory and number of qualified or competent employees you will be able to hire to run the business efficiently.
    • You may also have limited managerial skills which can limit the growth of your business.

According to the firm Russo, Russo & Slania, P.C., every business has unique needs, and different business models may be more appropriate for different types of company. Forming a company, however, and dealing with all matters required, especially legal matters, can be stressful on your own. With guidance of a knowledgeable and experienced business attorney, however, you can rest assured that critical legal errors that could affect your company’s beginnings and, eventually, success will be avoided.

Are You Going To Settle or Sue?

Many people have the mistaken understanding that an injury claim following a car accident will result to a court hearing, which is not true; a great majority of personal injury claims end in settlements for a variety of reasons. Additionally, most personal injury claims are dealt with through compensation from the at-fault party’s insurance provider without the need to file for a lawsuit. Nevertheless, just as with differences in each case, there are advantages in filing a lawsuit and letting the judge or jury decide the outcome of your case and in settling your case out of court.

Certain cases need the court proceedings in order to settle the claim. Instances where the other party did not respond to your demand letter or if the compensation offer presented is not be reasonable enough for the damages caused by the accident can warrant a lawsuit, as well as believing that you have suffered a sort of injustice and would like the defendant punished for their actions. You and your lawyer will then go about with the filing process via filing of legal complaint and waiting for the defendant’s reply. The discovery process will then follow, which involve interrogatories, and also through deposition that will be recorded and use in court. The last step would be to go to trial where the judge and jury will hear your case and examine evidence and then make a decision according to the presented evidence and testimonies. Although negotiation and settlement during the court process is still open, lawsuits can be expensive and time-consuming.

On the other hand, if you are considering a settlement before filing a lawsuit, the Hankey Law Office explains that this option would often provide faster results regarding compensation. It can also save you a significant amount to time and money (especially attorney’s fees because personal injury claims work on a contingency basis). Settling your case out of court will also allow you to have control on how the case will go instead of just relying on a judge or jury. You and your lawyer will be the one who will present your side to the defendant and directly negotiate the amount of compensation based on the documents and evidence that you present to them. Depending on the severity of the case and injuries is the core factor to consider when deciding whether to settle or sue the defendant.

Filing For Workers’ Compensation

Employees who endure a personal injury at work have an entitlement to a payment due to their problems. The most common method to get this payment is through a workers compensation claim filed with the company’s insurance. Statements might occasionally be unfairly refused though many businesses supply workers’ payment rewards or even the benefits might not cover the costs of the injury all. A few of the good reasons for the requirement of the personal injury lawyer is:

  • According to the website of this Houston shoulder replacement lawyer, the reason behind an individual injury-claim is once a 3rd party causes the damage. Due to their neglect or carelessness, they, therefore, are requested for payment and may be kept responsible.
  • Once the damage come in the irresponsible or deliberate steps of one’s company, he then or she might be held accountable for payment, besides the compensation directed at you.
  • Being hurt because of equipment that is faulty could be a reason behind an individual injury claim from the machine’s producer.
  • They might be prone to purchase injury claims whenever you organization doesn’t have insurance that addresses workers’ compensation.
  • Faulty items will also be grounds for damage statements, particularly when they’ve caused you problems.
  • Due to the problems you’ve obtained as a result of poisonous substance inside your office submitting to get an injury match can provide you payment.
  • A payment that is Worker’s doesn’t evaluate emotional damages from individuals or the individual accountable for the accident, so that as an effect, these incidents might be more prone to occur again if there is an injury state not attacked against those.

It’s very important to learn about your privileges to payment regarding workplace accidents, particularly when you’ve been hurt due to disappointment or another party’s errors to exercise a suitable degree of warning.

Surgical Errors: Crucial Mistakes that lead to Medical Malpractice

There’s a lot at stake when a physician is performing a surgical procedure. Almost any procedure involves some degree of risk of a complication, and it is up to the surgeon to ensure that such a possibility remains extremely unlikely. Unfortunately, there are times when crucial mistakes are made in the process and patients end up suffering terrible consequences. In these cases, the physicians performing the surgery can be found negligent and responsible for an incident of medical malpractice.

One common mistake that lead to surgical errors happen before the patient is wheeled into the operating room. The pre-operative planning stage necessitates physicians to become familiar with their patient’s medical history. This includes learning of information regarding their past medical conditions, possible allergic reactions to certain types of medications, as well as genetic predispositions to certain diseases and ailments. Failure to gather all the necessary information could lead to a physician making use of a specific technique or medication that is incompatible and inappropriate to the patient’s current medical condition and medical history.

Another cause of surgical error happens during the surgery itself, when the physician, as well as the surgical staff, becomes negligent during the procedure. Incompetent performance can cause a doctor to accidentally damage an organ near the site of the incision or leave items such as lap pads and sponges inside the body cavity after suturing the incision. This particular mistake causes the patient to suffer from an infection after the surgery. An anesthesiologist who isn’t paying close attention to the patient might mistakenly give the wrong dose, endangering the patient through the course of his or her procedure.

In some cases, mistakes can also happen after the surgery is completed. Aside from ensuring that the procedure is successful, physicians and other hospital staff are also tasked to make sure that the patient is able to recover properly. Crucial mistakes happen during this step in the process when doctors and nurses become neglectful in post-operative care, failing to spot signs of infection and other complications.

Surgical error attorneys at The Sampson Law Firm also point to other instances of surgical error, such as mishandling of surgical instruments, incorrect surgical procedures, and improper suturing. View more about other mistakes that lead to such devastating outcomes.

Swimming Pool Injuries: Who is Responsible?

Swimming pools can be a great source of fun for many families across America. What could be more satisfying than a relaxing swim in the water during the sweltering summer months? Whether it’s in their own backyard or in a beautiful resort, pools are the perfect way for families to cool off and enjoy each other’s company. However, even this favorite leisurely active can pose some serious risk of injury, particularly for small children.

Unfortunately, swimming pool injuries are a common occurrence. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) reports that drowning is the number 1 cause of injuries and fatalities for children aged 1 to 4. In particular, the CPSC report found that an average of 390 drowning-related fatalities happened annually between the years 2007 and 2009 for children aged 14 and younger.

The CPSC also report that there have been about 5,200 pool-related injuries that required emergency medical attention for children aged 15 and younger during 2009 until 2011. In these cases, the most common injuries include disembowelment, evisceration and other near-drowning injuries. Traumatic brain injuries are also common in pool-related accidents. This usually happens when the child slips on water outside the pool and falls to the ground, or when the child dives into the pool and hits their head on the floor.

These accidents are obviously very alarming, especially when we consider the fact that swimming is supposed to be an enjoyable activity. Is there a way to prevent such tragedies from occurring in the future? Is there a way to curb these alarming numbers?

Depending on which state you live, there are several policies that the government has imposed to make sure swimming pools are safe for use. Usually, these policies apply for the quality of equipment used by the pool’s manufacturer and installers. The property owner is also held responsible for maintaining the safety of their swimming pool. According to this personal injury website, these property owners can be held accountable for their premises. If they are proven to have been negligent in making sure that their swimming pool is safe, victims may have the option to seek out just compensation.

Burn Injuries

Burns are excruciatingly painful injuries. Besides damaging layers of the skin, nerve and tissues, a severe burn can also result to scarring, disfigurement, infection, loss of mobility, and even loss of a limb. While contact with a very hot object (including fire and steam), which affects the layer underneath the skin, can be very painful, the most severe of burns, which damages the nerves and the deepest layers of the skin can render the injury with almost no pain anymore.

Based on the severity of the injury, burns have three classifications:

  • Third degree: this type of burn damages the nerve and the skin’s deepest layer, often including the tissues underneath the muscles and bones. Though some victims usually no longer feel pain (due to the damaged nerves), this type of burn is still the most serious, thus victim should be given immediate medical attention. Third-degree burns heal a long time and only through the scarring of the edges of the wound. Unlike first degree burns which may be soaked in cool water and treated with burn ointment, these forms of remedy should never be applied to third degree burns (ice or ice water should never be used on affected areas too).
  • Second degree: this type of burn, which affects the layer beneath the skin, is the most painful; it also causes swelling and blisters. While puncturing is blisters should never be done (as this may result to infection), soaking of burned area in cool water, rubbing on it antibiotic cream and covering it with a dry, non-stick bandage is highly recommended. Second degree burns usually take 2 to 3 weeks healing period.
  • First degree: though still painful, this type of burn affects only the outer layer of the skin, thus, it is considered minor. During the healing period (about six days), swelling may occur until burned skin dries and peels off. It is recommended that first degree burn injuries be soaked in cool water and, for faster healing, be treated with aloe vera cream or any type of antibiotic ointment.

The causes of burn injuries include contact with strong acids or other chemicals, electrocution, radiation and thermals (such as flame, steam, boiling liquid, hot grease or oil, fireworks, heaters, curling irons, etc. While many burn injuries may be due to the victims’ own fault, a lot more others are due to someone else’s acts of negligence, which result to unsafe private or public areas, or defective products, like appliances.

In its website, the law firm Pohl & Berk, LLP, gives emphasis on the responsibility of individuals in compensating those who suffer burn injuries due to their acts of a negligence or carelessness. This compensation, according to the firm, usually includes medical bills, lost wages, reconstructive surgery, psychological and physical therapy, and emergency transportation. The assistance of a knowledgeable and skillful personal injury lawyer in any legal action that the victim decides to pursue is very important; thus, it should be considered by the victim.

Consequences of Birth Injury

There have been many cases of arrogance that have rained down misfortune on an unlucky victim. Sometimes, however, the effects of this arrogance can be catastrophic and result into a lifetime’s worth of pain for someone else. This is the case of some issues of medical malpractice that bears fruit to the unfortunate circumstance of birth injury or defect.

Imagine being a couple that has wanted a baby for years and years. Finally, all your best efforts are realized and finally, a child is about to come into your life. However, your hopes are sent into ruin after a doctor gives a wrong diagnosis or your health care provider does not give you the services promptly without justifiable reason? These little circumstances of negligence can be the avenue to which serious medical conditions such as cerebral palsy, shoulder dystocia, brain damage, et cetera – sometimes even leading to the death of the child or mother, sometimes both.

This is classified as a civil wrong for many evident reasons but the procedures for this kind of scenario are quite complex, stressful, and time consuming. Citing the website of the Ausband & Dumont Law Firm, there is no need to take this lying down as there is cause for legal action against negligence that result into situations like these. Birth injuries or defects can cause deformation or medical complications that require further medical bills, possibly even prolonged medical bills due to a condition that demands a lifetime’s worth of expenses. The negligent party should be held accountable for their actions. In order to do this, the Birth Injury lawyer on the case must have sufficient knowledge of both the legal procedures that revolve around such a sensitive case as well as immense knowledge of the medical issues, procedures, effects, et cetera that are involved in the claim, in order to properly represent the case in a court of law.

If you or a loved one has suffered from a situation involving birth injury, it is recommended that you take legal action immediately.

What Exactly Constitutes a Failure to Warn?

Product liability comes in many forms, including when a product has a defective design or was manufactured improperly such that it has the potential to cause harm to the consumer or user. In some cases, though product liability lawsuits claim that the manufacturer failed to warn adequately about the risks associated with the use of product even if there is no design or manufacturing defect. In such cases, the product warning is the one that is defective.

Not all products are required to have a warning label, although manufacturers do still include them just be on the safe side of civil litigation. A product which is safe when used in accordance with its intended purpose or circumstances does not usually require warning labels. A warning is required when:

  • The product is inherently dangerous i.e. run by electricity even when used properly
  • The manufacturer knows that the product presents a risk of harm
  • The risk of harm is not obvious (hidden dangers) to a reasonable person

There are many products that may qualify under these parameters, but perhaps the most common type is pharmaceutical preparations. The average person is typically not aware of the composition of even over-the-counter medications such as aspirin or cough syrup, and when taking them are contraindicated (not recommended). In one case, a child who was allergic to an ibuprofen product formulated for children suffered very severe reactions that resulted in brain damage, blindness, and loss of most of her skin. The product included the standard warning to discontinue use if there is an allergic reaction, but did not state how bad the side effects could get. The drug company was found liable for failing to adequately warn and the child’s family was awarded $63 million in damages.

If you suffered serious harm because you were not given adequate instructions on how to avoid it when using a product, you could have a defective warning case against the manufacturer. Consult with a product liability lawyer for an insight into your situation.

The Anticoagulant Wars

Boehringer Ingelheim, not willing to give up its leadership in anticoagulants, has managed to get approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to include deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism in the list of indications for its drug Pradaxa (dabigatran etexilate mesylate). The contender for the throne of Pradaxa is Xarelto (rivaroxaban), the hot newcomer in the field distributed in the US Johnson & Johnson (J&J) in partnership with manufacturer Bayer AG. J&J posted a 3.5% increase in its first quarter earnings for 2014 compared to the same period the previous year, and Xarelto sales contributed significantly to this revenue.

However, J&J and Bayer have had no such luck so far with expanding the use of Xarelto to manage acute coronary syndrome (ACS), embolic stroke, and peripheral artery disease. They have been turned down by the FDA three times for clinical trial design problems, the latest in March 2014, but the two companies are not giving up. They are currently in the throes of three new studies that will hopefully get the nod from the regulatory body. Xarelto is currently approved for ACS in 40 countries outside the US.

The biggest hurdle for Pradaxa in regaining its client base is the ongoing litigation that brings into question the safety of using the drug. It was approved in 2010 and the first lawsuit was filed in March 2012 at the height of its popularity and is currently in multidistrict litigation (MDL). However, Xarelto may be going down the same road. It was approved in July 2011, and the first lawsuit was filed in February 2014. According to the website of law firm Williams Kherkher, more cases are being filed for dangerous side effects. There has been speculation that an MDL may also be in the offing in the near future.

If you are currently on Xarelto and have sustained serious harm from its side effects, don’t be afraid to draw your own gun. Consult with a reputable Xarelto lawyer in your area and find out how you can get compensation for your injuries and losses.

Gaining Confidence through Micropigmentation

Enhancing one’s eyes, lips and cheeks with the use of make-up may be easy to some, but may be hard for others. Well, regardless of the level of ease, one thing is sure – it takes time. And to do it every day, plus a couple more times daily, can be a tiring routine.

It was during the early part of the 20th century when the application of what is now called “permanent makeup” began; but it was in the 1930s when the technique became a hallmark in fashion that salons offered it to women as a form of complexion treatment, using vegetable dyes as pigments.

Today, this same treatment is called dermapigmentation, cosmetic tattooing, permanent makeup, permanent cosmetics or micropigmentation (which is its most common name). Micropigmentation adds permanent color to the skin through the use of organic pigments that are embedded beneath the epidermis. This is done by using a hand-held device with a very thin needle that can puncture the skin hundreds of times a minute, making the treatment basically much like a tattooing procedure. The purpose of the treatment, however, can either be as corrective procedure or cosmetic enhancement.

As a corrective procedure, micropigmentation is done to solve uneven skin pigmentation, scarring to the skin, and so forth. As cosmetic enhancement, it helps to define the eyes, and make the lips and eyebrows look fuller; it also gives an eye shadow and a look of blush effects.

Over time, other uses for micropigmentation were introduced, including removal of beauty spots, camouflage of scarred skin, nipple reconstruction (which involves enlarging or decreasing the size of the area around the nipples), and hairline tattooing.

Though being punctured by a thin needle hundreds of times a minute definitely sounds painful, it is not the same in a micropigmentation procedure. In fact, a treatment that usually lasts for 40 minutes, aside from the possibility of some mild discomfort, is essentially painless. Clients, though, have the option of being injected with an anesthetic to do away with any discomfort during the treatment.

A well-trained and experienced plastic surgeon, who should be the person performing the procedure, recommends micropigmentation to those who:

  • Value good looks the whole day every day, but with minimal effort
  • Want to correct uneven facial features;
  • Do not have enough time every day for make-up application;
  • Have oily and sensitive skin, or have allergies to make up;
  • Are too active and/or sports minded (like swimmers) and would always want to look great;
  • Have shaky hands and/or poor eyesight and, so, find applying make-up quite a difficult task; and,
  • Have thin or missing eyebrows because of alopecia, constant tweezing, or chemotherapy treatments

On its website, the Bergman Folkers Plastic Surgery clinic believes that good make-up makes a person look good, and feel good and confident, and it is this confidence that propels a person to do well. Micropigmentation may not only be directed at making people look great, but in making them feel good to excel in whatever they do.

Curtains Go Up Again on Fungal Meningitis Outbreak

The story that began in 2012 when vials of pain and swelling relief medication were found to be contaminated with fungal meningitis continues to unfold. Failed mediation has signaled a resumption of civil litigation.

New England Compounding Center (NECC) was first named in civil lawsuit alleging liability for the production and distribution of contaminated methylprednisolone acetate. Sixty-four people died and 751 people were infected before the contaminated batches of medication were pulled out. NECC has since declared bankruptcy, but not before agreeing to a $100 million settlement to benefit the victims and the company’s creditors.

Now the curtain has gone up against Liberty Industries Inc., the contractor which designed and maintained the clean rooms at NECC. According to, Liberty had taken on the duty to provide facilities that would ensure the safety and cleanliness of the medications that went through these clean rooms, and failed miserably. In the case of NECC, other preparations that may have also been contaminated due in part to Liberty’s negligence include betamethasone, triamcinolone, and cardioplegia solution.

While this does not let NECC off the hook, the focus is now on the clean room company. NECC is based in Massachusetts but shipped the contaminated products to at least 23 states, including California where one personal injury case was filed by Dawn Younani, who received three shots from contaminated batches of methylprednisolone acetate following a surgical procedure. Other Californians may soon have use for Irvine personal injury lawyers to represent them in civil litigation against Liberty and to make a claim against NECC.

While the fungal meningitis outbreak scare is winding down, the statute of limitations has not yet run out for those who have only been recently made aware that their conditions may have been due to inoculation via contaminated drugs caused by the negligence of NECC and Liberty. Symptoms of fungal meningitis include:

  • Altered mental state
  • Fever
  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
  • Neck pain or stiffness

If you suspect that you may have contracted fungal meningitis from contaminated drugs from NECC, have yourself tested immediately. If the tests come back positive, contact a personal injury lawyer in your area to assess your case.

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